The Arabic philosophical fable Hayy Ibn Yaqzan is a classic of medieval Islamic philosophy. Ibn Tufayl (d. ), the Andalusian philosopher, tells of a child. Isolated from human civilization, the infant Hayy ibn Yaqzan is raised by a gazelle on a deserted island Through observation, experimentation, and speculation. Ibn Tufail’s Hayy ibn Yaqdhan had a significant influence on Arabic literature, Persian literature, and European literature after it was translated in into Latin.

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Ibn Tufayl’s Hayy Ibn Yaqzan

And that this was like the Light of the Sun, which, when it falls upon solid Bodies, shines there; and though it be attributed, or may seem to belong to that Body upon which it appears, yet it is nothing else in reality but the Light of the Sun.

Human yqdhan have, it seems, this capacity for self-intellection of which the only other parallel is God.

Encountering no other being on earth that pursues knowledge of the Being, he turns his attention toward the heavenly bodies, which he surmises must have knowledge of the Necessarily Existent since they are not subject to the hindrances of sensory distractions.

Cambridge University Press,p. Allah the Merciful, the Com- passionate, will rescue the less fortunate mass of his creatures who are constitutionally unable to attain this purer illumination, provided they walk hwyy in the light they possess.

Hayy ibn Yaqdhan – Wikipedia

Despite the similarities, the stories lead to opposite conclusions. He then began to contemplate the heavens, and the bodies that were there. Influence and legacy Hayy ibn Yaqdhan had a significant influence on Arabic literaturePersian literatureand European literature[3] and went on to become an influential best-seller throughout Western Europe in the 17th and 18th centuries.


Although Ibn Tufayl was recognized by scholars in the East and West primarily as a faylasufa philosopher, there are undeniable leanings toward Sufism Islamic mysticism throughout Hayy ibn Yaqzan. Despite Hayy ibn Yaqdhan originally being written in Islamic Spain, the first Spanish translation of the novel wasn’t published untilby F. He began then to think that what he look’d for might possibly be contain’d in that Cavity.

The only conclusion then is that the sun heats according to its light, which is best absorbed by suitable objects. Ockley’s translation was also published again in by Paul Bronnie in London. Similarly, Hayy surmises that the human has three fates open to him. And so Absal and Hayy continue to discuss what they know and what they have seen, and Absal tells him about the many that are back on his home island that follow this religion and are blind to the truth.

So that doubting concerning the Eternity of the World, and its Existence de novodid him no harm at all. Attribute which was superadded was peculiar to it self: God makes all things good; man meddles with them and they become evil. Views Read Edit View history.

Caves are prominent in the traditions of India and Tibet. Like the Almoravid period, the years of Almohad rule in al-Andalus saw unrelenting conflict with Christian forces from the north.

Nothing New Under the Sun

And so it turns out that John Donne was wrong, Hayy Yyaqdhan Yaqzan was an island, self-taught and self-enlightened. Positive, as Knowledge, Power and Wis- dom; and Negative, as Immateriality, not only such as consisted in the not being Body, but in 1 cf. Ibn Tufayl contrasts these two aspects of Islam through the characters of Absal and his friend Salaman.


Both Hayy and Absal refrain from their pursuit of sublimity in order to learn more about each other. It is a multiplicity in a unity.

But our noble savage, being a philosopher, uses a more chaste periphrasis.

Crusoe having survived and progressed in skills and self-confidence, applying technology and entrepreneurship, the island becomes a productive colony and material resource to Crusoe. When Hayy and Absal meet, being unable to understand each other through a common language and coming from very different environments, nonetheless realise that they both believe taqdhan the same God.

Hayy ibn Yaqdhan

This is the Condition of all Animals deprived of reason, whether they be of human shape or no. But after much trying, they discover that even though they appealed to the highest intellectual yaqdnan of people in the city, it was more for amusement than genuine learning. Koran d, 4, 5; lxzii, 1; lzrrii, 3; xiv, Neoplatonist, Illuminationist, marifa, Orinetalist The Novel: In general the anti-philosophical thought of al-Ghazzali — dominated Almohad ideology.

His attempt on the second only awoke misgiving and anger in their hearts. On the plane of discursivereason his power and subtlety are remarkable. Philosophers, too, are not averse to yaqvhan techniques.